Articles Posted in Nursing Home Abuse

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Early this morning, a female resident of a Jacksonville nursing home died after falling from her bed.  The incident occurred at the Woodland Grove Health and Rehabilitation Center near Belfort Road on Jacksonville’s Southside.  The Jacksonville Sheriff’s Office is investigating the incident as an accident.  Florida’s Agency of Healthcare Administration will also investigate the matter.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services ranks all nursing homes that accept payment from Medicare on a scale of one to five stars.  Overall, Woodland Grove Health and Rehabilitation Center scores three out of five stars and scores a two out of five with respect to health inspections.   It is a 120 bed facility owned, in part, by Greystone Healthcare Holdings, which has 26 nursing homes in Florida, with one in Jacksonville, one in Fleming Island (Orange Park), two in Daytona Beach and one in Starke.

Falls are one of the leading causes of injury and death of nursing home residents.  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a typical nursing home with 100 beds will report between 100 and 200 falls per year.  In addition, falls are often not reported.  Between 50% to 75% of nursing home residents will experience a fall each year.  Roughly 35% of falls in nursing homes involve residents who cannot walk.

Not only are falls common, the consequences can be catastrophic.  Annually, approximately 1,800 people die as a result of a fall in a nursing home.  Falls also cause serious life-changing injuries including arm, leg and hip fractures.  The immobility that results from such a fracture can lead to functional decline that greatly shortens a person’s lifespan and diminishes his or her quality of life.

Falls in nursing homes have a host of causes including muscle weakness, cognitive problems, changes in medication, wet floors, a nursing home’s failure to provide assistance when transferring from a bed to a wheelchair or toilet, incorrect bed height and improper or missing assistive devices.

There are many ways that nursing homes can reduce the risk of falls.  First and foremost, each resident must be screened for their fall risk.  Residents with an increased fall risk require care plans that put in place appropriate safeguards.  Some residents will require a one person or two person assistance with transfers to and from the bed and toilet.  Others require assistive devices when moving around such as a cane, walker or wheelchair.

The facility itself must also be scrutinized to make sure that hand rails are in place in bathrooms, floors are level and clean and that call buttons work.  Socks, slippers and shoes should have non-slip surfaces.  Beds should be lowered for persons will a high fall risk and cushioned mats should be placed around the bed to minimize any injury that may occur.  Bed rails or anti-roll cushions should be used for persons at risk for falling out of bed.  Residents should be educated regarding common scenarios that lead to falls and how to avoid them.  Finally, the residents should receive physical therapy and nutrition sufficient to keep them as strong and able as possible.
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A video of a resident on resident beating that lasted for over two minutes finally culminated in the state shutting down a beleaguered assisted living facility in Williston, Florida.  Williston is located about 20 miles southwest of Gainesville. The video shows an 86 year old man being punched more than 50 times by a 52 year old resident.  The 86 year old suffers from dementia.  The 52 year old has a history of mental illness and aggression.  During the beating, there were no staff members present in the common area where the incident occurred.  Furthermore, no one was assigned to monitor the surveillance camera that captured the incident.

Florida’s Agency for Heathcare Administration (“AHCA”), which regulates both nursing homes and assisted living facilities, sanctioned the Good Samaritan Retirement Home 17 times over the last 5 years and fined it in excess of $70,000.00.  Despite these measures, the assisted living facility remained in business.

One month after the beating, a female resident fell in the parking lot and was neither taken to the hospital nor provided any medical treatment.  Later that night, the woman was found non-responsive and blood-soaked.  She later died at the hospital.  After that incident, AHCA put in place a moratorium preventing the assisted living facility from accepting new residents; however, it was allowed to continue to operate with the residents already living there.

Two weeks later, another incident occurred which resulted in the arrest of an administrator at the assisted living facility. On December 7, one of the residents had a medical procedure and had to be closely monitored to watch for changes in condition.  Over the next few days, staff reported to the administrator that the resident had deteriorated; however, the administrator took no responsive action.  He was charged with neglect of the elderly.

Citing additional concerns and medication errors, AHCA finally shut down the facility effective December 23, seven weeks after the videotaped two minute beating occurred.  Residents and their families are understandably frustrated by the lack of a more timely response by the state.

The bottom line here is that you cannot rely on the state to vet a nursing home or assisted living facility for you.  If you or a loved one is in need of assisted living or a nursing home, it pays to do your own homework.  As a starter, for nursing homes, we recommend you review the five star rating system created by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.  Next, you should visit the nursing home or assisted living facility.  While there, you should do your best to observe whether: the facility is clean; whether the facility has an unpleasant odor; whether there are common areas that meet your needs; and whether the staff is qualified to meet your healthcare requirements.  Continue reading

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Recently, shocking video footage was captured at a South Florida nursing home showing a certified nursing assistant striking a resident, pouring mouthwash on him, pushing him and handling him very roughly.  The resident was ninety four years old and suffered from dementia.  The CNA involved claimed she knew nothing of the allegations – until the video surfaced.  Apparently, the resident’s family members were suspicious that he was being mistreated and hid the camera in his room.  Without the camera footage, the abuse would probably never have been proven.

It is common that family members of nursing home residents call us to express a concern that a resident is being abused or mistreated.  Without obvious signs of injury, abuse can be very hard to prove as some residents with dementia may be confused to the point of equating normal movement required for bathing and dressing as abuse.  With advances in technology, it is now economically possible for most people to purchase small video cameras that can be concealed in a room.  Consequently, we have seen a rise in hidden surveillance footage and it is certainly going to continue to increase.

Of course, the use of hidden surveillance cameras also raises ethical concerns.  While a resident certainly has the ability to use such a camera, when the camera is placed by a family member, what if the resident lacks the mental capacity to consent to being filmed?  Nothing in standard power of attorney or health care surrogacy documents addresses this issue.  We support the ethical use of surveillance cameras as one of many tools that can be used in an effort to ensure a resident is receiving safe and respectful care.

Some states have enacted legislation specifically allowing nursing home residents to install cameras, which means that a nursing home cannot remove, or refuse to admit, a resident on this basis.  Most states; however, have no laws addressing the issue.  Florida does not have such a law.  A nursing home industry group, the American Health Care Association, has fought legislation allowing for cameras as it claims that people placing the cameras are more interested in gathering evidence for a lawsuit than in protecting the resident.  They also claim that, with cameras in place, it will be more difficult to hire and keep qualified caregivers.

Our Jacksonville law firm focuses on nursing home neglect and abuse cases.  If you suspect nursing home abuse, we provide free no obligation consultations.  Often, we help guide family members dealing with the issue of whether to leave a resident in his or her current nursing home.  We frequently recommend that the family request a care plan meeting to be attended by the resident’s doctor, the nursing home’s director of nursing and the resident’s nurse unit manager.  When abuse, neglect or mistreatment is more certain, we recommend the resident be moved to a nursing home with strong ratings and we recommend the resident or the resident’s family members contact Florida’s Department of Children and Families abuse hotline at 1-800-96-ABUSE.  Nursing home ratings are published by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and can be found here.

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Nine residents of a Miami, Florida, nursing home suffered death by agonizing heat distress after Hurricane Irma interrupted the supply of electricity to the nursing home.  The people who lost their lives ranged in age from 71 to 99.  Many other residents were treated for dehydration, breathing difficulties and other heat related issues.

For days following the hurricane, the nursing home’s residents were left in Miami’s sweltering heat and humidity.  The day after the hurricane passed, the temperature rose to 98 degrees.  The fallout from this tragedy is just beginning as the deaths were entirely preventable. A criminal investigation is ongoing and civil damages are likely to exceed $10,000,000.00.

Following Hurricane Wilma in 2005, it became abundantly clear that nursing homes in the state needed to have a backup source of electricity in the event weather conditions cause an interruption of power.  In 2006, legislation was proposed to require that all nursing homes in the state have generators able to cool and run their facilities.  Of course, providing this level of resident safety and comfort came with a price tag.  The nursing home industry successfully lobbied against the bill. Now that there has been a tragedy of this magnitude it is likely that similar legislation will pass.

It should not require legislation for nursing homes to obtain backup electrical power.  Common sense dictates that the loss of air conditioning alone creates life-threatening circumstances for the elderly and infirm.  If a nursing home operator is being paid to provide a safe environment for its residents, it is axiomatic that the operator should make the investment necessary to provide an uninterrupted supply of electricity.

Nursing home operators claim that they operate on slim profits due to the limited amount they receive from the Medicare and Medicaid programs.  However, for the most part, this is not the case.  While balance sheets can make it look like there is little profit to the nursing home owners, many of the listed “expenses” for rent, consulting services, and management services are paid to corporations owned by the same people that own the nursing home itself.  With the average nursing home profiting well over $1,0000,000.00 per year, there are certainly enough funds to finance a backup generator system.

It is my hope that the families of these victims obtain a full measure of civil justice.  With large payments to the families, perhaps this nursing home operator and others will realize that, even if they do not feel morally obligated to provide a safe environment, the short term financial savings in not doing so are outweighed by the legal claims that result.  Continue reading

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On June 28, 2017, the United States House of Representatives passed H.R. 1215 titled, Protecting Access to Care Act of 2017.  Among other provisions in this bill is a limit on non-economic damages that can be recovered from a nursing home that accepts Medicare or Medicaid funds.  This encompasses essentially all nursing homes.  The bill will become law if passed by the Senate by a simple majority.  With the republican majority in the Senate and, with tort reform being a battle-cry campaign platform for the Republican party, the chances of this bill passing are a real concern.

What are the effects of this bill?

Non-economic damages compensate a person for the emotional harm he or she has suffered.  Non-economic damages do not include medical bills, funeral costs or lost wages that might result from injuries caused by neglect.   Economic losses are not subject to any cap or limitation and, under this bill, would remain uncapped.  With nursing home residents, this provides little assistance as there is almost never a lost wage claim given the age and infirmity of the residents.  Further, the medical bills resulting from injuries caused by neglect are typically paid by Medicare or Medicaid, and any sums recovered for medical bills must be turned over to the government.  As such, practically speaking, non-economic damages (i.e., pain and suffering) provide the only recovery that can compensate an injured victim of nursing home abuse or neglect.

Currently, the pain and suffering damages are uncapped.  If a jury is horrified by neglect or abuse, it can render a verdict that provides incentive for the nursing home to provide quality care for its residents.  Without this “check and balance” in place, the nursing homes’ financial incentive will be to minimize their costs.  As the single largest expense of operating a nursing home is staffing, an incentive to lower costs translates into fewer nurses and nurse assistants available to provide care.

The Practical Effects of a $250,000.00 Cap

At first blush, $250,000.00 may sound like a lot of money.  However, it is necessary to keep in mind that this is the worst case scenario for a negligent nursing home operator.  Why would the operator voluntarily agree to pay its worst day?  Rather, in all but the most egregious cases, the operator will offer only a fraction of that amount.  One reason for this is that they know going to trial is nearly impossible for the plaintiff’s attorney with such a cap in place.

Even if we were to achieve a verdict of $250,000.00 at trial, the years of work and tremendous amount of time we spend on these case make such a recovery unprofitable.  Add to that the uncertainty of winning when we decide to take a case and it quickly becomes obvious that agreeing to handle a nursing home neglect case is a poor business decision.

Some specifics may flesh this out.  Abuse or neglect in nursing homes almost always start at the top with a corporate culture of saving money at the expense of resident care.  This is typically done by under-staffing the nursing home leaving nurses and nurse assistants with more work than can be done during their shifts.  In order to prove that under-staffing is the root cause of neglect, we must perform a very thorough investigation.  The time records of every nurse and cna must be evaluation and matched with the shifts in question.  In addition, the census and overall acuity of the health needs of the nursing home residents must be considered.  Multiple expert witnesses are needed to perform this analysis, each with a hefty price.  Further, nursing home operators fight tooth and nail to try to keep the time records and budget information from being provided to us, creating delay and additional expense.

As an example, in a recent case, our law firm spent approximately $150,000.00 on experts and litigation expenses – this figure includes nothing the reflect the value of the time we spent on the case.  We worked on the case for four years.  The result of our work was nothing short of alarming – the nursing home understaffed the facility by: having employees listed as working when they were not; counting nurse managers as providing hands on care when they did not do so; and having a system in place designed to staff the facility at the bare minimums regardless of the overall complexity of the health needs of the facility’s residents.  Only upon the discovery of this damming information was the case was settled for a fair amount.  With the cap in place, we could not have done the investigation and we never would have uncovered the nefarious reason why the nursing staff failed to provide sufficient care.  Simply put, with the cap in place, we cannot prosecute these claims.

Nursing home neglect is a serious problem.  Capping damages decreases the incentive to provide quality care as plaintiff’s lawyers will no longer investigate these incidents.  With the aging of our country, this is the last thing Americans should support.  Continue reading

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Sexual abuse in nursing homes is a sad occurrence.  A CNN  investigation concluded that between the years of 2013 and 2016, the federal government cited over one thousand nursing homes failing to prevent, or otherwise mishandling, allegations of sexual abuse including rape. Even more disturbing is that nearly every instance of sexual abuse is preventable if nursing homes are properly staffed and if employees and residents are properly vetted and supervised.

Several years ago here in Jacksonville, a $750,000.00 verdict was rendered against a nursing home as a result of a female resident being sexually assaulted by a male resident.  The male resident had criminal record for past sexual crimes.  What is worse is that there were also complaints that he was engaging in inappropriate aggressive and sexual behavior at the nursing home before the rape occurred.

Many residents of nursing homes are unable to protect themselves due to dementia or physical limitations, or both.  This makes them vulnerable to resident on resident sexual abuse and abuse from nursing home employees.

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Last year, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) enacted a federal regulation banning the use of pre-dispute arbitration agreements for nursing home residents.  Through such an arbitration agreement, a nursing home resident agrees to give up his or her right to have any disputes, including those related to injuries resulting from abuse or neglect, resolved by a jury.  Instead, one or more arbitrators will decide the outcome.  The arbitrators are usually attorneys who have practiced in the field of healthcare related injuries.

Awards in arbitration cases are often more limited than those provided by juries.  This results in part due to the fact that the discovery allowed in arbitrated cases is much more limited than in a lawsuit.  As a result, the most damming of evidence is often never found.  This is because much of the nursing home neglect that occurs is not the result of a simple mistake by a nurse or nursing assistant.  Instead, nursing home neglect usually results from a corporation’s systemic effort to cut staffing, training and supplies to a bare minimum in order to maximize profits. Without the ability to conduct thorough discovery, this type of information cannot be uncovered.  As a result, a full measure of justice is often avoided by a neglectful nursing home if the case is arbitrated.

In November of 2017, we reported that a federal court ruled that CMS’ rule banning arbitration agreements was invalid as it overstepped the rule-making authority of CMS. In short, an agency is entitled to make regulations for the implementation of laws provided the rules are consistent with the authority granted by the legislation.  However, an agency cannot create rules beyond the scope of that authority.

The federal court’s decision was on appeal at the time CMS enacted the new rules.  The new rules essentially render the appeal moot as the new regulations remove the ban on pre-dispute arbitration agreements.  This is unfortunate for nursing home residents.

The new rules do provide some additional measures a nursing home must take in order for an arbitration agreement to be binding; however, these measures are more form than function. The new measures include:

  1.  The arbitration agreement must be in plain language;
  2. If signing the agreement is a condition of admission, the agreement must make that clear;
  3.  The arbitration agreement must be explained “in a form and manner” understandable to the resident;
  4.  The resident acknowledges that he or she understands the agreement; and
  5. The nursing home must post a notice in a visible area advising of its use of arbitration agreements.

These additional requirements do little to help.  For the most part, they mirror already existing case law that our lawyers use to challenge the enforceability of a nursing home arbitration agreement.  Further, the requirement that the resident acknowledge understanding the agreement will likely be addressed by a signature line next to a sentence that affirms something to the tune of “I understand the terms of this agreement and I willingly and knowingly enter into the agreement.  I have been provided the opportunity to ask questions about the agreement and to consult with a lawyer regarding the agreement.”

Since these forms are routinely signed as part of a volume of admission documents that are all signed at once, adding such a signature line actually does nothing to demonstrate the resident understood the agreement at all.  Illustratively, it is estimated that fifty percent or more of nursing home residents suffer from some degree of dementia.

It appears that federal legislation will be necessary if pre-dispute arbitration agreements are going to be banned for nursing home residents. With the current makeup of Congress, this is not likely to happen anytime soon.

If you suspect nursing home abuse or neglect, we encourage you to call Florida’s Department of Children and Families’ hotline at 1(800)962-2873.

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It’s not hard to find information about how to select a nursing home, but once you’ve made a choice, how can you make sure the facility is treating your mom, dad or relative well?

The number-one way to find out is simply to be there. Just like it made sense to be involved at your child’s school, it also makes sense to be involved in your parent’s nursing home care. So make regular visits and most of all, be an advocate for your loved one.  If something doesn’t seem right, speak up.

In many cases, being more involved and acting as an advocate for your loved one can make a big difference. But sometimes conditions don’t improve and residents suffer the consequences.  We see this far too often and our lawyers have brought injury or death claims against nearly every one-star rated nursing home in the Jacksonville area.

Pay attention to these important aspects of care to help protect your loved one:

Nutrition is critical for an elderly person. As people age, the number of effective taste buds decreases, so they often lose interest in food and it becomes harder to get the nutrients they need. Because of this, it’s important that food is presented in a visually appetizing way and patients should have a variety of healthy choices at each meal, along with healthy snacks.

Have a meal with your loved one on a regular basis at the nursing home and pay attention to how much your loved one is eating. If they are not eating much, talk to the dietary staff about making some modifications so they can get better nutrition.

How does the staff treat each other? A harmonious work environment usually translates to better care and concern for patients. If the nursing home’s staff doesn’t seem to work as a team and you overhear yelling and harsh words, it may be a sign that they treat patients the same way.

How do staff members interact with patients? Nurses and certified nurses’ assistants should treat patients in a positive and encouraging way. Knocking before entering and calling them by name should be the norm.  A good nursing home will encourage staff to ask each patient how he or she would like to be addressed.

How does the home smell? Of course, there may be some unpleasant smells in any nursing home. Medications, special foods, and even cleaning supplies can emit odors. If the home smells badly every time you are there, and you notice a stale urine or fecal smell, it could mean that the staff is not tending to residents’ needs that can lead to a whole host of other problems.

How does the staff handle a fall? If a resident falls, take notice of what happens next. Do they check the patient carefully to see if they have any injuries? Do they take the time to comfort the patient and make sure he or she is okay? Hallways should be uncluttered with plenty of room for patients to walk.

How do residents spend their free time? A quality nursing home will have activities for residents to engage in if they so choose. Card games, bingo or simply having group discussions are good ways for patients to keep their minds sharp. For patients who are able, it’s good for them to get outside and enjoy the fresh air. For patients who are room-bound, activities should be brought to them.

Interact with management. If you notice something seems out of place, bring it to the nurse unit manager’s attention. If that doesn’t work, escalate your concern to the director of nursing or the administrator. A good nursing home will take your concerns into consideration and make improvements.

If you’re like most people who lead busy lives and you simply don’t have time to visit frequently, enlist the help of other family members. The more advocates a nursing home resident has, the better.

Written by Elizabeth Allen
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Approximately 20% of Florida’s population is over the age of 65. With Florida being a haven for retirees, the need for nursing home beds is on the rise.  However, the state does not currently allow free market forces to control whether new nursing homes are constructed.   Instead, in order to open a new nursing home, or enlarge an existing nursing home, a lengthy “certificate of need” process documenting the need for additional beds must be completed.  Furthermore, the State of Florida enacted a moratorium on any new nursing home beds (regardless of need) from 2001 through 2014. Finally, in 2014, a scant 3,750 new nursing home beds were allowed.

The Florida legislature is now considering repealing the entire certificate of need process allowing free market forces to determine how many nursing home beds are available.  The nursing home industry, represented by the Florida Health Care Association, is lobbying hard against doing away with the certificate of need process.  Why?  Because increased competition will narrow profit margins.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services provides a five star rating system for nursing homes.  Due to the lack of beds, the one star facilities typically have occupancy rates above 90%.  When there are not available beds in the five star facilities, the facilities providing substandard care fill up.  Our attorneys have brought claims for negligence causing death or injury against 8 of the 10 one star nursing homes in Jacksonville – Duval County.  In comparison, we have never had to bring a claim against a single five star facility.

Newer, nicer nursing homes will take residents from existing older facilities – which is exactly how it should be.  The industry’s position in this regard is not well disguised.  The Florida Heath Care association says that repealing the certificate of need process would lead to an increase in empty beds in “long-established” facilities.  Feel free to insert the words “old,” “out of date” or “no longer desirable to consumers” for “long-established.”  What the industry is saying is that consumers will choose newer, nicer facilities over the old ones. That is a bad thing?

In what industry is a lack of competition good for consumers? Imagine if car manufacturers were not allowed to create new models and sell the new cars in whatever quantity consumers desired.  Instead, the buyers could only choose from a limited number of outdated models.  Prices would be high and quality stymied.   While that sounds preposterous, that is the framework in which the nursing home industry in Florida operates.

Contrary to the nursing home industry’s claims, nursing homes are very profitable.  They are not providing a community service on the brink of bankruptcy.  Every time our lawyers investigate the financial status of for-profit nursing homes in the Jacksonville area, we find they operate with significant profits, much of it hidden from view in the form of “management fees” paid to a related company or outlandish rent paid to a related company that owns the nursing home building.  By doing so, their balance sheet appears to reflect limited or no profit.  Its no more complicated than a hustler’s shell game.

The sponsor of the House bill to do away with the certificate of need process, Alex Miller from Sarasota, details that the current process does not improve the quality of nursing home care, does not improve access and does not control costs.

The nursing home industry claims (apparently with a straight face) that adding more nursing homes will require them to compete for nurses resulting in decreased staffing.  What this really means is that the nurses lose right alongside the consumers.  Competition for nurses is good for nurses’ pay and working conditions – the same way it is very every other occupation.  Further, who provides data to show that the number of licensed nurses is too few to staff additional nursing homes?  No one.  Even if somehow new nursing homes created a void of nurses (which it would not), why wouldn’t free market forces result in more people getting a nursing degree?

In short, the certificate of need process was never a good idea.  Regulations designed to decrease competition have never been good for consumers and never will be.   Continue reading

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Clostridium difficile (commonly referred to as “C diff”), is a bacteria that is a common cause of severe illness in hospital and nursing home settings.  C diff is found naturally in many healthy peoples’ digestive tract, and, in such cases, it does not pose a health risk as the c diff bacteria are kept in check by the many other types of intestinal bacteria.

There are over 1000 types of bacteria commonly found in the human digestive system.  They serve an essential purpose in digestion and the various bacteria have symbiotic relationships among themselves. Some bacteria naturally create waste which can be toxic.  If unchecked by the other bacteria, the toxic buildup can cause severe illness.

C diff infections often occur after someone has been provided a broad spectrum antibiotic.  The use of antibiotics is common when a person undergoes surgery in order to prevent a post-surgical infection. Since many people, especially the elderly and infirm, reside in a nursing home after surgery to recuperate and receive physical therapy, a c diff infection will often appear at the nursing home.

C diff infections can also occur when someone requires a feeding tube.  A gastric tube (or “g tube”) is used to provide a liquefied diet, rich in nutrients, directly into the person’s small intestine where it is quickly absorbed.  However, when on such a diet, the large intestine is deprived of fiber, starches and sugar which can lead to the reduction of healthy bacteria.  A niche is left for c diff to run rampant as it is no longer kept in check by the other bacteria.

Similarly, total parenteral nutrition (“TPN”) or intravenous feeding, in which the person is fed intravenously, can cause the exact same problem.  Again, this is a common scenario in the nursing home environment as persons with feeding tubes or intravenous feeding typically require significant nursing care.

C diff is extremely contagious and can be transferred by person to person contact or through objects such as door handles, clothing, towels and bed linens.  As such, it is imperative that nursing homes be especially diligent in: washing hands after touching each resident; providing clean towels and bed linens; and thoroughly cleaning all potentially contaminated surfaces and objects.

According the the Centers for Disease Control, each year 500,000 Americans suffer from c diff infections.  Of those, approximately 29,000 die within 30 days.  The most vulnerable population is the elderly with 80% of the c diff related deaths occurring with people aged 65 or over. Not surprisingly, the CDC estimates that 100,000 nursing home residents contract c diff each year.

It is imperative that nursing home staff be well trained to identify the signs of a c diff infection. Symptoms include: prolonged diarrhea; an especially foul smell to the feces; feces with the consistency of coffee grounds; abdominal cramping; loss of appetite; weight loss; nausea; vomiting; fever; lethargy; and abdominal distension.  It is critical that such signs be reported immediately to the resident’s physician.  The early administration of antibiotics, such as Flagyl or Cipro, can prevent the infection from worsening.  Untreated, c diff can lead to: severe inflammation of the intestines; rupture of the intestines; septic shock; and death.

Our lawyers have handled two wrongful death cases resulting from c diff infections in Jacksonville nursing homes.  In both cases, our investigations found that the nursing homes ignored obvious signs of infection until it was too late.  If you or a loved one are experiencing the signs and symptoms of a c diff infection, it is necessary that you report the problem immediately to the nursing home’s director of nursing, the assistant director of nursing; the nurse unit manager; and the doctor.  If your complaints fall on deaf ears, go the the hospital.  Every hour counts when a vulnerable person is suffering from c diff.  Continue reading